Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://localhost/handle/Hannan/717002
Title: Microstrip Line-Based Glucose Sensor for Noninvasive Continuous Monitoring Using the Main Field for Sensing and Multivariable Crosschecking
Other Titles: IEEE Sensors Journal
Authors: Shao Ying Huang|Omkar|Yu Yoshida|Adan Jafet Garcia Inda|Chia Xujie Xavier|Wen Chuan Mu|Yu Song Meng|Wenwei Yu
subject: CGM|noninvasive|microstrip line|microwave impedance spectroscopy|crosschecking|Glucose sensing|continuous glucose monitoring
Year: -1-Uns- -1
Abstract: Microstrip line (MLIN)-based glucose sensors have been used for noninvasive glucose monitoring. However, the current MLIN-based solutions do not provide enough sensitivity. The reason for this is that they rely on the fringing field of an MLIN that leads to a shallow penetration depth and thus low sensitivity. In this paper, we propose a sensitive MLIN-based glucose sensor using the main field. The idea is illustrated using the following three steps. Step 1 is sensing the glucose level by using the main field, which uses the material under test (MUT) as the substrate of an MLIN terminated with a load; Step 2 is identifying the contribution of different parameters and different components of parameters to sensitivity, which leads to Step 3, in which different parameters and/or different components of parameters are crosschecked for sensing. Two frequency bands, 100 to 500 MHz and 1.4 to 1.9 GHz, were investigated. In Step 1, the main field configuration was compared with its fringing field counterpart. It is shown that the proposed MLIN configuration presents an average sensitivity of 1.8×10 <sup xmlns:mml= http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML xmlns:xlink= http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink >-3</sup> dB/(mg/dL) in terms of the reflection coefficient that is more than 10 times higher than that of its counterpart. In Step 2, different components of the reflection coefficient and the input impedance of the proposed configuration were examined, and their diverse contributions to the sensitivity were shown, which allows crosschecking to improve sensing accuracy. This was successfully shown in Step 3, in which algorithms for crosschecking were proposed, and the sensing accuracy was examined. In terms of the optimal sensing frequency band, 1.4 to 1.9 GHz shows higher sensitivity than 100 to 500 MHz, where the molecules may interact the most with the waves. This implies that the interaction between a wave and the sensing structure with the MUT contributes more to sensitivity than the direct interaction between the wave and the MUT. The radiofrequency safety of the proposed configuration was examined by checking the specific absorption rate of the MUT with the proposed structure. This paper offers a new avenue for the development of an MLIN-based noninvasive glucose sensor for continuous monitoring with high sensitivity in the near future. It can be used both as a single sensor and in a multiple-sensor glucose monitoring system.
URI: http://localhost/handle/Hannan/717002
ISBN: 1530-437X
volume: Volume
issue: Issue
Appears in Collections:New Ieee 2019

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Title: Microstrip Line-Based Glucose Sensor for Noninvasive Continuous Monitoring Using the Main Field for Sensing and Multivariable Crosschecking
Other Titles: IEEE Sensors Journal
Authors: Shao Ying Huang|Omkar|Yu Yoshida|Adan Jafet Garcia Inda|Chia Xujie Xavier|Wen Chuan Mu|Yu Song Meng|Wenwei Yu
subject: CGM|noninvasive|microstrip line|microwave impedance spectroscopy|crosschecking|Glucose sensing|continuous glucose monitoring
Year: -1-Uns- -1
Abstract: Microstrip line (MLIN)-based glucose sensors have been used for noninvasive glucose monitoring. However, the current MLIN-based solutions do not provide enough sensitivity. The reason for this is that they rely on the fringing field of an MLIN that leads to a shallow penetration depth and thus low sensitivity. In this paper, we propose a sensitive MLIN-based glucose sensor using the main field. The idea is illustrated using the following three steps. Step 1 is sensing the glucose level by using the main field, which uses the material under test (MUT) as the substrate of an MLIN terminated with a load; Step 2 is identifying the contribution of different parameters and different components of parameters to sensitivity, which leads to Step 3, in which different parameters and/or different components of parameters are crosschecked for sensing. Two frequency bands, 100 to 500 MHz and 1.4 to 1.9 GHz, were investigated. In Step 1, the main field configuration was compared with its fringing field counterpart. It is shown that the proposed MLIN configuration presents an average sensitivity of 1.8×10 <sup xmlns:mml= http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML xmlns:xlink= http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink >-3</sup> dB/(mg/dL) in terms of the reflection coefficient that is more than 10 times higher than that of its counterpart. In Step 2, different components of the reflection coefficient and the input impedance of the proposed configuration were examined, and their diverse contributions to the sensitivity were shown, which allows crosschecking to improve sensing accuracy. This was successfully shown in Step 3, in which algorithms for crosschecking were proposed, and the sensing accuracy was examined. In terms of the optimal sensing frequency band, 1.4 to 1.9 GHz shows higher sensitivity than 100 to 500 MHz, where the molecules may interact the most with the waves. This implies that the interaction between a wave and the sensing structure with the MUT contributes more to sensitivity than the direct interaction between the wave and the MUT. The radiofrequency safety of the proposed configuration was examined by checking the specific absorption rate of the MUT with the proposed structure. This paper offers a new avenue for the development of an MLIN-based noninvasive glucose sensor for continuous monitoring with high sensitivity in the near future. It can be used both as a single sensor and in a multiple-sensor glucose monitoring system.
URI: http://localhost/handle/Hannan/717002
ISBN: 1530-437X
volume: Volume
issue: Issue
Appears in Collections:New Ieee 2019

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
08502880.pdf3.33 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail
Preview File
Title: Microstrip Line-Based Glucose Sensor for Noninvasive Continuous Monitoring Using the Main Field for Sensing and Multivariable Crosschecking
Other Titles: IEEE Sensors Journal
Authors: Shao Ying Huang|Omkar|Yu Yoshida|Adan Jafet Garcia Inda|Chia Xujie Xavier|Wen Chuan Mu|Yu Song Meng|Wenwei Yu
subject: CGM|noninvasive|microstrip line|microwave impedance spectroscopy|crosschecking|Glucose sensing|continuous glucose monitoring
Year: -1-Uns- -1
Abstract: Microstrip line (MLIN)-based glucose sensors have been used for noninvasive glucose monitoring. However, the current MLIN-based solutions do not provide enough sensitivity. The reason for this is that they rely on the fringing field of an MLIN that leads to a shallow penetration depth and thus low sensitivity. In this paper, we propose a sensitive MLIN-based glucose sensor using the main field. The idea is illustrated using the following three steps. Step 1 is sensing the glucose level by using the main field, which uses the material under test (MUT) as the substrate of an MLIN terminated with a load; Step 2 is identifying the contribution of different parameters and different components of parameters to sensitivity, which leads to Step 3, in which different parameters and/or different components of parameters are crosschecked for sensing. Two frequency bands, 100 to 500 MHz and 1.4 to 1.9 GHz, were investigated. In Step 1, the main field configuration was compared with its fringing field counterpart. It is shown that the proposed MLIN configuration presents an average sensitivity of 1.8×10 <sup xmlns:mml= http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML xmlns:xlink= http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink >-3</sup> dB/(mg/dL) in terms of the reflection coefficient that is more than 10 times higher than that of its counterpart. In Step 2, different components of the reflection coefficient and the input impedance of the proposed configuration were examined, and their diverse contributions to the sensitivity were shown, which allows crosschecking to improve sensing accuracy. This was successfully shown in Step 3, in which algorithms for crosschecking were proposed, and the sensing accuracy was examined. In terms of the optimal sensing frequency band, 1.4 to 1.9 GHz shows higher sensitivity than 100 to 500 MHz, where the molecules may interact the most with the waves. This implies that the interaction between a wave and the sensing structure with the MUT contributes more to sensitivity than the direct interaction between the wave and the MUT. The radiofrequency safety of the proposed configuration was examined by checking the specific absorption rate of the MUT with the proposed structure. This paper offers a new avenue for the development of an MLIN-based noninvasive glucose sensor for continuous monitoring with high sensitivity in the near future. It can be used both as a single sensor and in a multiple-sensor glucose monitoring system.
URI: http://localhost/handle/Hannan/717002
ISBN: 1530-437X
volume: Volume
issue: Issue
Appears in Collections:New Ieee 2019

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
08502880.pdf3.33 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail
Preview File